A Árvore do Conhecimento (Maturana & Varela, ). 1 like. Book. A Arvore Do Conhecimento – Humberto Maturana e Francisco Varela. MATURANA, H., Autopoiesis, structural coupling and cognition: a history of these and other notions MATURANA, H.; VARELA, F., De Máquinas e seres vivos: autopoiese, a organização do MATURANA, H.; VARELA, F., A árvore do conhecimento: as bases biológicas do entendimento humano [The tree of knowledge].

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I like how this places competition and ‘selection’ which the book also teases out nicely in a broader context, and makes adaptation, rather than competition, the compelling feature of life. Mar 03, Nick rated it it was amazing Shelves: Other people who don’t have previous experience with biology and sociology might enjoy it, but still I would have li An interesting book as it presupposes almost no knowledge and tries to explain a theory of cognition rooted in biology.

Francisco Varela – Google Scholar Citations

Through existing we “put forth a world” that is a conhecjmento not of direct contact with “objective external realit This is the best book I’ve read probably since I began to read. I find it amazing how the authors are able to fit so many different topics into a meaningful cascade of concepts and theories that fits perfectly to their main conclusions, of cognitive processes as circular biological, social and linguistic phenomena inherent of living beings.

How can I read it online? This book is most likely going to totally change your perspective on what it means to know. This describes an entirely new direction in understanding living symmetries and relational hypersystems. On one side there is a trap: Structural dynamics allow observation, from which predictions can be made — those predictions can be limited by 1.

The ” Tree of Knowledge” offers a strong and coherent theory about how simple principles of life eventually conhecimehto cognition and ultimately the conscious process of “knowing how we know”.

I could spend hours talking about it, but that might be mostly pointless maturaba it is usually easier for one to read the book itself, and besides what I took away from it is not a result of the book by itself and my ‘interpretation’ of it, but rather -in fashion varsla the book itself- of my past experiences, that have helped shape my awareness of such ideas. This characterizes them as autonomous systems.


Tree of Knowledge

ToK’s more gentle approach along with post-reading conversations with a Chilean economist and Italian physicist helped clear up a question I had after Autopoiesis and Cognition: May 17, David rated it it was amazing Shelves: I read it twenty years ago, after having the privelege of attending a workshop with the author, a delightful shamen of a man. Then on page 48, “We are proposing that the mechanism that makes living beings autonomous syst The authors present a unified theory of cognition and concept formation, that can be extended to explain knowledge, knowing, social interactions.

Overall, his work is concerned with the biology of cognition The following passage from the last chapter of the book helps illustrate my amazement a little, and will close this review: The result will be a history of mutual congruent changes as long as the autopoietic unity and its containing environment do not disintegrate: This condition gives rise to possibilities of interaction, that in many lineages give rise to behaviour, and in some language, and in currently one circumstance knowledge of the actions the organism is doing as well as much action that is structural and uncontrolled by the consciousness- especially our cellular goings on that give rise to that ability to know.

For example, a given university may be a set of assets and liabilities, a collection of students, a football team, a physical space, or some combination of these things, depending on who you ask. I was not aware that a portuguese version was available, so Ive bought this book based on the recommendation Ive found in Daniel Dennet books.

Awe are all a product of our history. Where neurons meet neurons or other cells we find a synapse. It is highly accessible, requires no prior understanding of its subjects beyond basic high school biologyand will enable you, if you give yourself into it, to become someone new – or, rather, to be more aware of what you are, and what you are not. Written for a general audience as well as for students, scholars, and scientists and abundantly illustrate “Knowing how we know” is the subject of this book.

It may seem obvious to look at me, carve a 2D surface over my skin, and call me a closed system, but give me a conjecimento without a consistent supply of low-entropy energy and I’ll quickly succumb to the second law of thermodynamics. Organisms must exhibit variance of the time scale of their environment and in a complementary “direction” in order to adapt remain coupled.


The world we perceive and think about cannot be any other than the one we put forth through our own cognition.

We have thus completed the task we set for ourselves, namely, that a theory of knowledge ought to show how knowing generates the explanation of knowing. His work has been influential in many fields, mainly the field of systems thinking and cybernetics.

This is the best book I’ve read probably since I began to read. Elementary nervous system — sensory surface, motor surface, system of coordination between surfaces i. Not a Thing, is for Certain! Jun 28, Abailart rated it liked it.

A small change in structure may occur to accommodate one new feature of the environment, but through an internal domino effect, alter the way an organism interacts with other features. It therefore needs to cover a lot of ground before arriving at the good parts.

Francisco Varela – Citazioni di Google Scholar

Paperbackpages. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. This is because allowing others to share in it allows both us and them to retain knowledge and to retain their adaptation to the environment. Then on page 48, “We are proposing that the mechanism that varrla living beings autonomous systems is autopoiesis.

Dec 15, DJ rated it really liked it Shelves: Both perspectives help t o understand the unity, the environment and their interactions, but both are perceived by observers. The environment does not instruct an organism; it maturzna triggers internal dynamics.

Our minds, ideas, and atvore on Earth are explicit examples of such systems. Heredity is the preservation of structure in a historical series of unities.

Replication, copy, and reproduction can be distinguished by the amount of historicity in each process.