Means of reducing and controlling weld distortion are described, covering b) tack weld one end, then use back-step technique for tacking the rest of the joint. It is a weld progression utilized to minimize distortion. Backstep welding is a technique to avoid distortion while welding on thin sheets. This technique involves a continual stalling of the forward travel motion by traveling backwards slightly, into the previous deposited weld. This technique has two.

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You start your weld move forward then back gackstep fill the crater, the same when you finish a weld you leave a crater of heat with no weleing so you go back over the weld to fill in the crater. During this heating and cooling cycle, many factors affect shrinkage of the metal and lead to distortion, such as physical and mechanical properties that change as heat is applied. When welding heavy plate over 1 inch thick bevelling or even double bevelling can save a substantial amount of weld metal which translates into much less distortion automatically.

To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: In these examples, the shrinkage in weld No. Back stepping may not be effective in all applications, and it cannot be used economically in automatic welding.

In a tschnique joint, these same expansion and contraction forces act on the weld metal and on the base metal. Can someone else what it is and why you do it? When welring start a weld you get a lot of heat and not much metal and the zone is subject to cracking.

The time now is One might expect this stress to cause considerable movement or distortion after the welded part is removed from the jig or clamps.


Back step welding

As the deformed bar returns to room temperature, it will still tend to contract uniformly in all directions, as in Fig. Prebending can be combined with this method by inserting wedges at suitable positions between the parts before clamping. It is a method of starting and stopping your weld. Gechnique is no weaving or motion other than dragging or pulling.

Strongback The “strongback” is another useful technique for distortion control during butt welding of plates, as in Fig. Clips are welded to the edge of one plate and wedges are driven under the clips to force the edges into alignment and to hold them during welding.

This separation is most pronounced as the first bead is laid. But, since volume expansion must occur during the heating, the bar expands in a vertical direction in thickness and becomes thicker.

Clamps, jigs, and fixtures that lock parts into a desired position and hold them until welding is finished are probably the most widely used means for controlling distortion in small assemblies or bac,step. But this method must be used with care.

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Weld Distortion

The illustration below is a good exampled of how a staggered weld works. There are only solutions. Good welding technique at a fast pace will lessen or even eliminate distortion, burn through, cracking, and other problems. The excess weld metal in a highly convex bead does not increase the backstdp strength in code work, but it does increase shrinkage forces.

Weld Distortion

Seen that term get tossed around here a few times but I haven’t a clue what is it. As the weld metal solidifies and fuses with the base metal, it is in its maximum expanded from. Badkstep Tools Show Printable Version. And if you have are too fast you may not have enough heat input. The potential problems that can occur from poor weaving techniques is that you can undercut the weld bead edge as well as have bad fusion. Make a short pause when you weave to avoid undercutting and achieve quality fusion of your material.


This article will help to define what weld distortion is and then provide a practical understanding of the causes of distortion, effects of shrinkage in various types of welded assemblies and how to control it, and finally look at methods for distortion control.

But which ones you use depends on the following: But backsstep those stresses that exceed the yield strength of the weld metal are relieved by this straining. Shrinkage cannot be prevented, but it can be controlled. It’s used when you make two or more welds on the same seam. Thus the completed weld is slightly longer than it would be if it had been made on the flat plate.

Backstep Technique for TIg Welding

Results 1 to 7 of 7. Wslding assemblies, preset in this manner, are shown in Fig. If there is we,ding little heat input there is poor penetration. With successive beads, the plates expand less and less because of the restraint of prior welds. For example, a root bead should never be peened, because of the danger of either concealing a crack or causing one.

If these natural balancing forces are not present, it is necessary to use other means to counteract the shrinkage techniaue in the weld metal. It’s also good for other types of welding like surface welds. It has been permanently deformed, or distorted.

A Checklist to Minimize Distortion Follow this checklist in order to minimize distortion in the design and fabrication of weldments:.