Frederick I also known as Frederick Barbarossa (Italian: Federico Barbarossa), was the Holy Otto of Freising and his continuator Rahewin, The deeds of Frederick Barbarossa tr. Charles Christopher Mierow with Richard Emery. New York. Get this from a library! The deeds of Frederick Barbarossa. [Otto, Bishop of Freising; Rahewin; Charles Christopher Mierow]. Charles Christopher Mierow, ed. The Deeds of Frederick Barbarossa. New York: Columbia University Press, pp. $ (paper), ISBN.
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Judith of Flanders . Wulfhild of Norway  7.
Duke of Swabia — It used to be said that the insulting gesture, called ficoof holding one’s fist with the thumb in between the middle and forefinger came by its origin from this event. Hildegard von Egisheim .
The increase in wealth of the trading cities of northern Italy led to a revival in the study of the Justinian Codea Latin legal system that had become extinct centuries earlier. Frederick died in in Asia Minor while leading an army in the Third Crusade. The backwash of the Investiture controversy had left the German states in continuous turmoil.
Frederick, therefore, descended from the two leading families in Germany, making him an acceptable choice for the Empire’s prince-electors. While payments upon the knighting of a son were part of the expectations of an overlord in England and France, only a “gift” was given in Germany for such an occasion.
The deeds of Frederick Barbarossa
The royal title was furthermore passed from one family to another to preclude the development of any dynastic interest in the German crown. University of California Press. Adelaide of Susa  1. Frederick’s death caused several thousand German soldiers to leave the force and return home through the Cilician and Syrian ports. Richeza of Poland . Die ehemalige Benediktinerklosterkirche St. Frederick suffered a heavy defeat at the Battle of Legnano near Milan, on 29 Maywhere he was wounded and for some time was believed to be dead.
Legal scholars renewed its application.
The Crusaders passed through HungarySerbiaand Bulgaria before entering Byzantine territory and arriving at Constantinople in the autumn of Charles Christopher Mierow with Richard Emery. Each possessed a rare combination of qualities that bararossa him appear superhuman to his contemporaries: Brady, Charles Townsend Hohenzollern; a Story of the Time of Frederick Barbarossa.
Welf I, Duke of Bavaria . His eyes are sharp and piercing, his beard reddish [ barba subrufa ], his lips delicate The latter work was full of Augustinian negativity concerning the nature of the world and history. Adelheid vom Filsgau . In a move to consolidate his reign after the disastrous expedition into Italy, Frederick was formally crowned King of Burgundy at Arles on 30 June Did the Holy Roman Emperor have the power to name the pope and bishops?
At VeronaFrederick declared his fury with the rebellious Milanese before finally returning to Germany. Weighed down by his armour, he drowned in water that was barely hip-deep, according to the chronicler Ibn al-Athir.
Bishop Otto of Freising, maternal uncle of Frederick Barbarossa, had already acquired a freferick as a major historian for his work the Two Cities before he began the official biography of the great medieval German emperor. Augustine of Hippo of a similar title. The German princes, far from being subordinated to royal control, were intensifying their hold on wealth and power in Germany and entrenching their positions. Although the Italian city states had achieved a measure of independence from Frederick as a result of his failed fifth expedition into Italy,  the emperor had not given up on his Barbrossa dominions.
Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor
The Storied World of the Brothers Grimm. Modesty rather than anger causes him to blush frequently. German King formally King of the Romans — The expedition proved to be a disaster,  but Frederick distinguished himself and won the complete confidence of the king.
In Italy, he tended to be a romantic reactionary, reveling in the antiquarian spirit of the age, exemplified by a revival of classical studies and Roman law.
The Deeds of Frederick Barbarossa by Otto of Freising [Paperback]
Italian unity under German rule was more myth than truth. Bertha of Savoy  Adelheid vom Filsgau  4. The Germany that Frederick tried to unite was a patchwork of more than individual states, each with its own prince.
Wikisource has original works written by or about: Agnes of Germany .