Summary. “Deep ecology” is a concept that was forged by Norwegian ecologist and philosopher Arne Naess in Forty years later, this. To understand what Arne Naess means by deep ecology it helps to imagine this For Arne Naess, ecological science, concerned with facts and logic alone. ophers: the Norwegian Arne Naess, the Americans. George Sessions and David Rothenberg, and the Austral- ian Warwick Fox. Deep Ecology is inextricably.

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The resulting state of affairs will be deeply different from the present.

They hired a fishing vessel and sailed towards the nuclear test site in protest. They also would support Leopold’s ” Land Ethic “: Proponents of deep ecology believe that the world does not exist as a resource to be freely exploited by humans. One cannot quantify adequately what is important for the quality of life as discussed here, and there is no need to do so.

Trumpeter (1992)

The flourishing of nonhuman life requires such a decrease. More technically, this is a formulation concerning diversity and complexity. The stabilization and reduction of the human population will take time. The philosophy emphasizes the interdependent value of human and non-human life as well as the importance of the ecosystem and natural processes.

Foundation For Deep Ecology | The Deep Ecology Platform

Richness and diversity of life forms contribute to the realization of these values and are also values in themselves. Bookchin’s second major criticism is that deep ecology fails to link environmental crises with authoritarianism and hierarchy.


In publishing them, Naess and Sessions hoped others would consider these 8 principles as a working, but not definitive, platform for the Movement, and certainly not as a total philosophy with ultimate metaphysical postulates. Please try again later.

The well-being and flourishing of human and aren life on Earth have value in themselves synonyms: However, Singer has disagreed with deep ecology’s belief in the intrinsic value of nature separate from questions of suffering, taking a more utilitarian stance. Devall and Sessions eclogy credit the American poet and social critic Gary Snyder —with his devotion to Buddhism, Native American studies, the outdoors, and alternative social movements —as a major voice of wisdom in the evolution of their ideas.

Wendell Berry Ernest Callenbach G. Journal of Education for Sustainable Development.

In Naess and Sessions devised an eight-point statement, or platform, for deep ecology. Humans have modified the earth and will probably continue to do so. They and other Philosophical supporters of the Deep Ecology Movement have gone on to articulate their own ecosophies.

Deep ecologists claim to identify with non-human nature, and in doing so, criticise those who ecloogy they have no understanding of what non-human nature’s desires and interests are. Deep ecology Environmental ethics Subfields of ecology Environmental social science concepts Spinoza studies.

Basic Principles of Deep Ecology

They offer an eight-tier platform to elucidate their claims: Naess did not wish to protect the environment within the limits allowed by population growth and the pursuit of human comfort. Birth control Family planning Control Overpopulation Zero growth. Followers of the Deep Ecology Movement share a principle commitment to honor diversity and richness and the inherent worth of all beings. Richness and diversity of life forms contribute to the realization of these values and are also values in themselves.


This self-realisation or “re-earthing” [20] is used for an individual to intuitively gain an ecocentric perspective.

The Long-Ranged Deep Ecology Movement and Arne Naess | Drengson | Trumpeter

Instead, he was making an empirical claim based on overwhelming evidence that global social movements, from the grass roots up, consist of people with very diverse religious, philosophical, cultural, and personal orientations.

They refer to Fritjof Capra’s The Tao of Physics and The Turning Point for their characterisation of how the new physics leads to metaphysical and ecological views of interrelatedness, which, according to Capra, should make deep ecology a framework for future human societies. However, these different quantities represent only a series of translations of one single value, which not only lacks richness and diversity, but is just an instrumental value, not a good in itself.

Thus, we devote this issue as a tribute to him. The fight to preserve and extend areas of wilderness or near-wilderness should continue and should focus on the general ecological functions of these areas one such function: The eight points of the platform for deep ecology posit: