Hymenocardia acida var. acida. Photo: Bart Wursten Cheringoma Escarpment, Sofala, Mozambique. Hymenocardia acida var. acida. In East Africa Hymenocardia acida is planted for erosion control; it is also a good shade tree in plantations, casting moderately light shade. Young leafy shoots of. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Hymenocardia acida is a small savannah tree or shrub about 9 m high. Branchlets become rusty brown as the bark peels. The bole is.

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Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands. A root or stem bark decoction is taken as an antidote for plant poisoning.

West African Plants

Leaf powder is topically applied in friction to treat rheumatic pains, toothache and fever; it is also sprinkled acids sores after washing. There hymenocardiq citation in web searches related to Hymenocardia acida Tul. The young leaves and twigs are commonly browsed by cattle and in DR Congo they are eaten by edible caterpillars. Male inflorescence a dense axillary spike up to 7 cm long, solitary or fascicled; female inflorescence a terminal few-flowered raceme up to 3 cm long, usually several together, or flowers solitary.

Young leafy shoots of Hymenocardia acida are sometimes eaten as a condiment.

International Journal of Pharmacognosy 32 4: Free radical scavenging activity of some Nigerian medicinal plant extracts. From the root bark the cyclopeptide alkaloid hymenocardine was isolated.

Phylogenetic relationships of Didymocistus and Hymenocardia Euphorbiaceae.

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Methanol extracts from the root bark exhibited moderate cytotoxic activity against 60 human cell lines of the Hymenpcardia Cancer Institute of the United States.

Powdered root in porridge is given to breast-feeding women to diminish the milk flow. A crude root extract showed significant anthelminthic activity against the intestinal parasite Haemonchus contortus.


Root powder is applied to skin diseases. Bees commonly visit the flowers for nectar and pollen. A decoction hymenocatdia the leafy twigs is used for hymenocardja to treat tetanus, convulsions and exhaustion. Hymenocardia acida young tree habit.

The powdered bark in water or a bark decoction is applied as a poultice to treat colic, abscesses and tumours, eye infections, migraine and also skin afflictions such as itch, prickly heat, parasites and leprosy. In vitro antiplasmodial activity and cytotoxicity of ethnobotanically selected Ivorian plants. In vitro antitrypanosomal activity of ethnopharmacologically selected Beninese plants.

Acidq, Pretoria and Gaborone Page The fruits are dewinged and soaked in cold water for 48 hours before sowing. Seeds compressed circular, c.

A fresh root decoction is also taken to treat haemorrhoids.

Journal of Ethnopharmacology 90 2: Hymenocardia acida Aluka – Hymenocardia acida Tul. A methanolic leaf extract showed very high radical scavenging activity, comparable to tocopherol. Citation in scholarly articles. A bark decoction is widely taken to treat pulmonary affections, including hymdnocardia it is also used as a steam bath, alone or with the fruits, to treat breathing difficulties and colds.

Root sap and fruit juice are used as ear drops to treat earache and also to treat toothache. Journal of Ethnopharmacology The wood is commonly used as fuel and acids charcoal production; it burns slowly with a hot flame and little smoke. Leaves alternate, elliptic-ovate or hymenocardai, broadly rounded or notched at the apex, dark green above, brown hairy only when young, paler below, densely covered with golden gland dots and minute domatia in the axils of the veins; margins entire somewhat rolled under.

The areas requiring further research on this plant becomes easily identifiable, thus avoiding duplication, wastage of man hour and resources. Hymenocardia acida Hymenocardia acida common shrub x – 9k – jpg www. Hymenocardia acida starts flowering mainly during the second half of the dry season, when new leaves also develop.


Flowers unisexual, petals absent, disk absent; male flowers sessile, calyx 1. A leaf macerate or leaf decoction is taken to treat stomach-ache, trypanosomiasis and coughs.

More or less throughout tropical Africa, from Senegal to Ethiopia and south to Angola, central Zimbabwe and Mozambique. An aqueous stem bark extract showed significant anti-ulcer activity against induced gastric lesions in rats. Derivation of specific name: In East Africa Hymenocardia acida is planted for erosion control; it is also a good shade tree in plantations, casting moderately light shade. There are 4 news article citations related to Hymenocardia acida Tul.

Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hymenocardia acida var. acida

A leaf decoction is hymenocarrdia as an emetic and to treat snakebites. It is also drunk or used as a mouth wash to treat toothache and infected gums. This development has led to increased research and an upsurge of published works in journals related to natural products. In Sierra Leone the leaf sap is used as eye drops to treat ophthalmia.

Insects associated with this species: Two varieties are distinguished in Hymenocardia acida: The leaves can be harvested during the rainy season, as the species is deciduous.