A jagir (IAST: Jāgīr), also spelled as jageer, was a type of feudal land grant in South Asia at the foundation of its Jagirdar system. After the collapse of Mughal Empire, the system of jagirs was retained by Rajput and Sikh kingdoms, and later . The Mughals continued the Jagirdari system while making slight changes to the way they ruled. Under Mughals, the Jagirdars were allowed to collect taxes. Jāgīrdār system: Jagirdar system, a form of land tenancy developed in India during The early Mughal emperors (16th century) wished to abolish it, preferring to.

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In the Delhi Sultanate period such assignments were called Iqtas and the holders Iqtadars. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Jagirdari system was an integral part of the mansabdari system which developed under Akbar and underwent certain changes during the reign of his successors.

jagirdar system | History & Facts |

Dam is a small copper coin. Further, those Mansabdars, who were paid in cash, were called Naqdi and those paid through Jagirs were called Jagirdars.

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For the film, see Jagir film. No mansabdar could hold on to the said Jagir for a long term and they were jagordari for transfer. There was a problem with your submission.

People, Princes and Colonialism. In the Mughal times, the jagirdar collected taxes which paid his salary and the rest to the Mughal treasury, while the administration and military authority was given to a separate Mughal appointee.


This site uses cookies. Jagir Hasil-a-kamil, where maximum land revenue was collected. Salary entitlements of mansabdars were calculated on the basis of their Zat and Sawar ranks.

On the other hand, if it was less than the salary claim the short fall was paid from the treasury. Therefore, jagirdar had only fiscal rights over the assigned jagir. Since, on an average, a jagir was transferred after every three years.

At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. The jagirdar did not act alone, but appointed administrative layers for revenue collection.

Abul Fazl states that Akbar provided 66 grades of Mansabdars ranging from commanders of 10 horsemen to 10, horsemen but he gives a list of 33 grades of Mansabdars. The maximum area of the territory was assigned to Mansabdars on the basis of their rank. Except for Bengal and Orissa, jama of Kharif and Rabi harvests were at par. Asher; Cynthia Talbot The appointment letter of Mathabarsingh Thapa issued late on Ashwin Badi 7, i.

This page was last edited on 28 Novemberat Yet, all these types of Jagirs were liable for conversion. Slavery, condition in which one human being was owned by another.

The system of transfer checked the Jagirdars from developing local roots. The increase of number of Mansabdars during the reign of Aurangzeb led to the Jagirdari and agrarian crisis which led to the collapse of the Mansabdari jagidrari. The word Mansab means a place, a position, an honour and a rank, which happened jagirdxri be an integral part of the elaborate Mughal bureaucracy.

The jagirdar system was introduced by the Delhi Sultanate[2] and continued during the Mughal Empire[6] but with a difference. Jagir could consist of single portion in a village, several village or entire parganas.


Mughal Jagirdari System

In case the recorded Jama was in excess of salary claim the assignee was required to deposit the balance with the central treasury. Delhi sultanateprincipal Muslim sultanate in north India from the 13th to the 16th century. Therefore, the obligation on jagirdar was greater jughals his returns.

Waltraud Ernst; Biswamoy Pati, eds. We also come to know that those who had or less than were called Mansabdars. The jagirdar was allowed to collect only authorised revenue mal wajib in accordance with the Imperial regulations. In case the payment was made through the assignment of a Jagir, the office of the central Diwan would identify parganas the sum total of whose Jama was equal to the salary claim of the mansabdars. Views Read Edit View history.

Mughal Jagirdari System – IAS NETWORK

Tankha Jagirs were jagirdafi in lieu of salaries, Mashrut Jagirs were given on certain conditions, and Watan Jagirs were assigned to Zamindar or rajas in their local dominions. It is also believed that Akbar followed the principles of Changiz Khan in fixing up the grades of Mansabdars. He matched taxes with specified salaries and allowances of mansabdars and then issued official jagir document. The jagirdars had to employ their own agents for collection of land revenue and the collection process was modelled on that of the Khalisa.

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