LEI 9720 DE 1998 PDF

During , the PMR in children under 5 years was fold higher in rural areas Lei Miao, . More than 98% of pneumonia deaths occurred in 68 countries where .. ; (): – pmid More than 98% of pneumonia deaths occurred in 68 countries where .. ; (): – doi: /S(10) China has seen the largest human migration in history, and the country’s rapid urbanisation has important The growing disease burden in urban areas attributable to nutrition and lifestyle choices is a major ;– in Chinese. [PubMed]. Lin YJ, Lei RY, Luo YX, et al. Mar 27; ( )

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Remais JV, Zhang J. The substantial reduction of U5MR were generally attributable to the collective reduction in infectious diseases, especially pneumonia and diarrhea [ 1118 ], consistent with what Liu et al have observed in global U5MR [ 2 ].


The Chi-Square Test was used for comparing the proportion of PMR to total mortality rate between urban and rural areas. In the meanwhile, we assessed the work quality and data quality according to our quality assessment manual. Worldwide, the urban—rural 972 in the distribution of overweight and hypertension diminishes with increasing country-level wealth and development.

Fortunately, the Chinese government has been aware of the regional health care inequality. Prevalence and risks for sexually transmitted infections among a national sample of migrants versus non-migrants in China. Rural residents are examined and treated regularly by local specialist health agencies eg, anti-schistosomiasis stationsbut infected migrant workers often go undiagnosed and untreated in their urban homes, leading to morbidity and raising the risk of reintroduction of diseases into previously controlled rural areas when workers return home to visit.


Popkin BM, Du S. Environmental health in China: Causes of deaths in children younger than 5 years in China in Although China’s rapid economic growth in the past two decades has brought many benefits, raised incomes, and pulled hundreds of millions out of poverty, the adverse health consequences of urbanisation pose major policy challenges and threaten to put additional pressure on the country’s overstrained health services.

Push factors Economic Agricultural failure.

Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Am J Clin Nutr.

Urbanisation and health in China

Hospitals undertake real-time surveillance of reportable ill nesses 1998 China’s internet-based Infectious Disease Reporting Information System—a powerful and robust system, provided that individuals with disease have sufficient access to health care. Spatial analysis of tuberculosis cases in migrants and permanent residents, Beijing, — Housing migrant workers in rapidly urbanizing regions: China Statistics Press; However, the proportion of children without healthcare facility diagnosis is low 0—3.

Li Q, Li G. Supplementary Material Appendix Click here to view.

General Office of Ministry of Health of China [accessed June 11, ]; A notice of carrying out health care pilot projects for migrant workers. The influence of social stigma and discriminatory experience on psychological distress and quality of life among rural-to-urban migrants in China.

Call to action on world pneumonia day. The effectiveness of comprehensive management of child diseases.

Urbanisation and health in China

For example, parasitic diseases such as schistosomiasis and helminth infections are common 97720 poor rural areas of southwestern and central China, home to more than half of the country’s migrant workers. Statistical analysis Data from and representative sample sites were used for analysis during — and —, respectively.


Infants had the highest PMR, which indicated that interventions aiming at prevention and control of infant pneumonia should be the priority for further reducing PMR in China. This trend was similar to the report of Wang et al [ 11 ]. Importantly, air pollution, water quality, accidents, and other risks vary within cities, and disaggregated statistics that capture the differential exposures and health outcomes of populations within different urban areas are needed to assess efforts to mitigate risks and target interventions towards the populations bearing the greatest disease risks.

Analysis on newborn hepatitis B immunization coverage and pregnant women hospital delivery rate in different regions. The pillar in each province represents the ratio of the growth of urban area in that province between andllei growth between and These strategies have increased the percentage of system management of pregnancy and in-hospital delivery [ 24 ].

Urban transport trends and policies in China and India: National Bureau of Statistics of China [ accessed Jan 18, ]; China’s total population and structural changes in This fe is partly due to China’s governmental commitment to the expansion of housing and basic infrastructure in urban areas.