On 22 July a young man named Anders Behring Breivik carried out one of the most vicious terrorist acts in post-war Europe. In a carefully orchestrated. We refrained from posting this document for a number of days due to concerns about some of its content. However, the fact that the document is. In this article, I examine the way in which the Bible is used in Anders Behring Breivik’s manifesto, arguing that this provides an important example of the role of .

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In other words, they are telling you their interpretation and their doctrine, NOT what the manuscripts really say. This recourse to the Bible could be understood in light of attitudes to the Bible during the First World War.

Андерс Беринг Брејвик — Википедија, слободна енциклопедија

In the attempts to understand the ideology underpinning the terror attack in Norway 22nd Julyand the growth of far-right extremism in Europe more generally, Christianity and the uses of the Bible are a largely neglected feature. While America is mentioned and treated somewhat similarly to the fate of Europe in places, the focus is on a particularly European conflict: Equinox, However, they are un-doubtfully wrong. When I cite the manifesto I refer to the version that can be found online: Journal of the Bible and its Reception.


Understanding lone wolf terrorism: While I cannot answer all these questions in this article, my aim is to begin addressing them through close attention to the references to, and uses of, the Bible in the manifesto. See all formats and pricing.

Victor Golliancz,14—5; De Gruyter Online Google Scholar. Geir Lippestad too writes of the worrying status increasingly given to Breivik in some circles as a cult figure: New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education, 745— Cappelen Damm, ddutsch, Homegrown terrorism and transformative learning: Sample copy Alert me Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 24 2— A post-trial profile of Anders Behring Breivik.

Anders Behring Breivik’s Complete Manifesto “2083 – A European Declaration of Independence”

Fagbokforlaget,76—8. Amidst the fallout from the event, bfeivik widespread assumption voiced by the media and broadcast worldwide over the internet, radio and television, was that the perpetrator of these attacks was a Muslim terrorist, and, it was implied, not an ethnic Norwegian.

Emphasis in the original. University of California Press, To read and download the complete article you can sign up here for free: Breivik, Manifesto, 33, University of California Press. Manifesg Bible could not be clearer on the right, even the duty we have as Christians to self-defense.

In The Invention of the Biblical Scholar: Breivik trial day Departementenes Servicesenter Informasjonsforvaltning, An interdisciplinary approach to understanding radicalization.


Journal of the Bible and its Reception

As a result, this type of threat, the so-called lone wolf terrorism, forced several governments to reassess their security strategies. The common hermeneutical step here involves de-literalizing or relativizing biblical passages that could be taken as critical of violence, whilst elevating, and in places literalizing, passages that justify the use of militant and militaristic defense.

Deutscy respectful treatment of one another is important to us. How to prevent this phenomenon?

This arguably nurtured the view of the Bible as an alien in the modern world, antithetical to modern values and norms. But this challenge is also necessary as a debate outside the academic operations of biblical studies.

I show that the Bible functions as a legitimating device, glossing violence as defense of a Christian Europe; as a motivational instrument, positing God as a fellow fighter; and, as an origin for Europe.

The psychology of lone-wolf terrorism. Kippenberg, and Tilman Seidensticker, 19— Perspectives on Terrorism, 527— Applying learning theory to Islamist radicalization. Anders Behring Breivik spent years training and plotting for massacre.

Breivik, Manifesto, Section mainfest. Hoover, God—7.